Research on terrorism show that an attitude combing realism with a sense of coping is the most efficient. By adapting the attitude “It might happen here – but I will be fine”, you will be prepared while preserving your inner safety and feeling of invulnerability. If the attitude “It won’t happen here” dominates, it will prevent reasonable measures of preparedness and lead to an unnecessarily strong shock reaction.
Those directly affected by a terror attack will experience some crisis reactions. The citizens affected indirectly through media or by living nearby may also experience reactions over time.
Resilience (feeling well and having little discomfort) after an attack is highly impacted by psychosocial variables. The affected who report robustness in the first weeks:
- have a larger social network
- use active coping strategies
- seek emotional support
They have also less:
- negative outlook of life
- repressed emotions
- denial and self-blame
Negative changes in how you perceive your life outlook are most related to well-being six months after a terrorist attack. Studies indicate that those who are robust after an indirect exposure are open emotionally, in a sharing social environment, and have maintained their hope for life. It is important to use your resources (emotions, thoughts and network) to face the tragedy, instead of avoiding it. How you think about the incident is important – maintain a belief in yourself and the society.